Refuse Derived Fuel
Refuse derived fuel is a method of reusing materials that cannot be recycled, and which are not biodegradable for use in anaerobic digestion.
RDF consists of combustible material such as non-recyclable plastics and contaminated cardboard and paper.
The basic principle behind it are similar to that of anaerobic digestion – recognising the energy that is locked away in some forms of business & commercial waste, and offering a solution to use that energy in place of traditional fossil fuels such as coal.
Energy from Waste (EfW) facilities use RDF as a fuel to produce electricity and heat for communal heating systems in local areas. The use of this non-recyclable material helps customers reduce their reliance on fossil fuels at the same time as avoiding landfill.
Together with similar methods like anaerobic digestion, this is allowing the last biodegradable and non-biodegradable business & commercial waste to be reprocessed without simply disposing of it at landfill, and is helping to take recovery rates ever closer to 100% recovery.